A boat and a ship are both vessels that float in water, but there are some key differences between the two. A boat is a smaller vessel, typically used for recreational purposes, while a ship is a larger vessel typically used for commercial purposes. Boats are typically designed for a single person or a small group of people, while ships are designed to carry larger numbers of people or cargo. Boats are powered by outboard motors, sails, oars, or some combination of the three, while ships are powered by diesel engines or steam turbines. Boats tend to be smaller in size and can navigate shallow waters, while ships are larger and can sail over deep waters.
In addition, boats are typically used for leisure activities, such as fishing, sailing, or recreational boating, while ships are used for commercial activities, such as transporting goods and passengers across the ocean. Boats also tend to be less expensive than ships, as they require less maintenance and are easier to build. Ships, on the other hand, are larger and more complex vessels that require a larger crew and more resources to build and maintain. Ships also have larger cargo capacities and can travel longer distances than boats, making them ideal for commercial operations.