Lava and magma are both molten rock that is found beneath the Earth’s surface. The main difference between them is that lava is molten rock that has reached the Earth’s surface, while magma is molten rock that is still beneath the surface. Lava is formed when magma rises up from deep within the Earth and erupts from a volcano. It is made up of minerals, gas, and other materials that are heated and melted by the intense pressure and temperatures inside the Earth. Once the lava reaches the Earth’s surface, it cools and solidifies to form new landforms.
Magma is molten rock that is still beneath the surface of the Earth. It is composed of minerals, gases, and other materials that are heated and melted by the intense pressure and temperatures found beneath the Earth’s surface. Magma is much hotter than lava and has a higher viscosity, which means it takes longer to cool and solidify. Magma is the source of all igneous rocks, and is responsible for the formation of volcanoes and other geological features.