Diffusion and osmosis are both important processes that involve the movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration. The main difference between diffusion and osmosis is that diffusion is the movement of any molecule, whereas osmosis is specifically the movement of water molecules. Diffusion occurs when molecules spread from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration, and osmosis is the diffusion of water molecules across a semi-permeable membrane. In diffusion, molecules move randomly, whereas in osmosis, water molecules move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration. Diffusion is an active process that requires energy, whereas osmosis is a passive process, meaning it does not require energy. Additionally, diffusion occurs in all types of solutions, while osmosis only occurs in aqueous solutions.
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