Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease are both neurological conditions that affect memory, thinking, and behavior. However, they are not the same. Dementia is an umbrella term for a group of neurological disorders that cause a decline in cognitive abilities, such as memory, language, problem solving, and decision making. Alzheimer’s disease, on the other hand, is a specific type of dementia. It is a progressive condition that worsens over time and is the most common form of dementia, accounting for 60-80% of all cases.
The main difference between dementia and Alzheimer’s disease is the cause. Dementia is caused by a variety of diseases and conditions, such as vascular dementia, frontotemporal dementia, and Lewy body dementia. Alzheimer’s disease, however, is caused by the buildup of proteins in the brain, leading to the death of neurons and a decline in mental abilities. In addition, dementia is often treatable, while Alzheimer’s disease is not. Furthermore, Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative condition that worsens over time, while other types of dementia can remain stable if managed properly.