Criminal Law involves prosecution by the government of a person for an act that has been classified as a crime. Crimes are usually categorized as felonies or misdemeanors based on their nature and the maximum punishment that can be imposed. Criminal law includes the punishment of people who violate laws with criminal penalties, such as fines, jail time, or even the death penalty.
Civil Law is a system of law that is focused on resolving disputes between individuals or organizations. It is typically less serious than criminal law and deals with conflicts between individuals or organizations, including contractual disputes and negligence claims. Civil law involves private parties seeking compensation for a wrong done to them, rather than the government prosecuting the wrongdoer.